A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (Complete -

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Ambrogio Traversari's Latin translation of the Life of Epicurus by Diogenes Laertius helped to accelerate the process in the early 15th Century. b. It follows, according to Anselm, that "that than which nothing greater can be conceived" must exist in reality. MacDonald, Scott, and Kretzmann, Norman [1998]. “Medieval Philosophy.” Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. And your nature has two things to shun: error and misery.

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The First Eagle (Navajo Mysteries Book 13)

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Clausewitz 's political philosophy of war has had a profound effect on statecraft, international politics and military strategy in the 20th century, especially around World War II. Boethius had occupied a high station in society and government. Logic has become crucially important in mathematics, linguistics, psychology, computer science, and computer engineering. It leaders, including philosophers, participated in the shaping of public discourse but were generally undistinguished. London-New York: Routledge, 2014, pp. 541-58.

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Diderot's Holism (Europäische Studien zur Ideen- und

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Thus, again, we can reword premise 3 with this quality: 3.2. Another option is foundationalism, where the chain of justifications eventually relies on basic beliefs or axioms that are left unproven. Another Stoic doctrine that was often criticized on religious grounds was the conviction that the wise man is entirely responsible for his own happiness and has no need of divine assistance. According to Isidore, natural law includes “the common possession of all things, the one liberty of all, and the acquisition of what is taken from air, land and sea; also, the restitution of a thing or money left for safekeeping”.[ 41 ] The common possession of all things seems inconsistent with the acquisition and restitution of property.

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The Physical Theory of Kalam: Atoms, Space, and Void in

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The soul as changeable in time, but not in place, holds the mid-rank position below the highest and above the lowest. The Church must be able to deal with situations in which the papacy is vacant or uncertain or corrupt; otherwise its existence would be more precarious than the existence of a secular body politic, which can replace its head if necessary. This was what interested the young scholar. For Pico, Cabala gives access to the secret of divine creation through the alphabet. For I myself, when I discovered the wicked disguise which the evil spirits had thrown around the divine doctrines of the Christians, to turn aside others from joining them, laughed both at those who framed these falsehoods, and at the disguise itself, and at popular opinion; and I confess that I both boast and with all my strength strive to be found a Christian; not because the teachings of Plato are different from those of Christ, but because they are not in all respects similar, as neither are those of the others, Stoics, and poets, and historians.

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Duns Scotus TWO VOLUMES Vol. I The Place of Duns Scotus In

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The ethic of Augustine primarily is an ethic of love. desiring what is best for him and aiding him to attain it. Most literary authors were not such experts in these matters as the demonologists, although the degree of their partic­ular knowledge about demons could be extraordinary. Through Averroes, Augustine, Avicenna and finally St Thomas, Gilson presents an account of the Christian philosophers’ attempts to understand the unity of soul and body in a manner that does justice to the importance of both in Christian belief.

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Anselm's Doctrine of Freedom and the Will (Texts and Studies

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John Duns Scotus (1265/66–1308) began from roughly the same theory of knowledge as Aquinas but ended up with a radically different account of religious language. Use the matrix to analyze Plato and Aristotle’s theory of knowledge and apply both to current day practices. An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, vol. The philosophers, in denying that God is capable of willing, as we have seen, are unable to prove that He knows Himself or anything that follows from Him. Utopia is a casteless democracy and not an aristocracy. b.

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Ordering Wisdom: The Hierarchy of Philosophical Discourses

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Having devoted extensive attention to the development of philosophy among the ancient Greeks, we'll now cover more than a millenium of ... Alexander spread many of Aristotle/Plato/Socrates' ideas throughout Europe and Asia. These became the basis for his major work Der Stern der Erloesung (1921; The Star of Redemption, 1971). Medieval philosophy of mind is based on Aristotle's De Anima, another work discovered in the Latin West in the twelfth century.

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Ioannis Buridani Expositio et Quaestiones in Aristotelis

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Our goal is to bring students into a direct connection with original texts. The most thorough presentation of his Skeptical views occurs in Apologie de Raimond Sebond (Apology for Raymond Sebond), the longest and most philosophical of his essays. The islands were as sunny and the waters as blue and inviting as ever, but philosophers were celebrities. So, not only were most disciplinary matters dealt with by the university, also the consequences rarely made themselves felt outside it.

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Nicholas of Cusa and the Renaissance (Variorum Collected

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The Ash‘arite doctors, as illustrated in al-Baqalani’s case, recognized the validity of rational knowledge but reacted instinctively against the Mu‘tazilite infringement on the domain of faith. Only concrete individual compositions of matter and form actually exist, as opposed to universal forms, or exemplars, as described by Plato.� The form, for Aquinas, is the universal element that merely places an object within a class, a species. All statements have meaning only if they can be verified.

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Fundamental St. Augustine: A Practical Guide to The

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Ibn Rushd said (thinking that your individual soul did not survive after you died) that if you lived by God's rules (Shari'a) you would be happy on earth, although intelligent people who also studied philosophy might find a truer happiness. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2003 Edition). This gets the conversation going though and sticks to the rigorous MECE (mutually exclusive, collectively exhaustive) frameworks I want to build.

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